- Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army
- (ARGK)The ARGK (Artes-i Rizgariye Geli Kurdistan), or Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army, was established by the third congress of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in October 1986 as the party's professional guerrilla army active in the mountains and rural areas and thus distinct from the Kurdistan National Liberation Front (ERNK), the party's civilian and propaganda front based more in urban areas.The ARGK never numbered more than some 10,000 members. Its members were always supposed to be party members, wear military uniforms, and operate under stricter codes of discipline. Following Abdullah Ocalan's capture by Turkey in February 1999 and the defeat of the PKK's military struggle, the ARGK was withdrawn from Turkey into Iraqi Kurdistan and its name changed to Hezen Parastina Gel (HPG), or Peoples Defense Force, to emphasize the PKK's new strategy of peaceful struggle for Kurdish rights within a democratic Turkey.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Kurdistan National Liberation Front — (ERNK) In March 1985, the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) established the Eniye Rizgariye Navata Kurdistan (ERNK), or Kurdistan National Liberation Front, as its popular front and propaganda division. As such, the ERNK was mainly in charge of… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Kurdistan Workers Party — (PKK) The Partiya Karkaren Kurdistan (PKK), or Kurdistan Workers Party, was formally established on 27 November 1978 by Abdullah (Apo) Ocalan, who became its leader. The PKK grew out of two separate but related sources: the older Kurdish… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran — The Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran ( ku. Hîzbî Dêmokiratî Kurdistanî Êran) is a Kurdish opposition group in Iranian Kurdistan which seeks the attainment of Kurdish national rights within a democratic federal republic of Iran.The current… … Wikipedia
Kurdistan Parliament in Exile — The Kurdistan Parliament in Exile (in Kurdish, Parlamana Kurdistane Li Derveyi Welat [PKDW]) was established by the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and other interested Kurdish bodies and personalities in 1995. It held its first plenary session… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Hazen Rizgariya Kurdistan — (HRK) The Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) created the HRK, or Kurdistan Freedom Brigades, in 1984 as a forerunner of the Kurdistan National Liberation Front (ERNK) a popular front that also had a military function and the Kurdistan Peoples… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Bolshevik Party (North Kurdistan-Turkey) — (in Turkish: Bolşevik Partisi (Kuzey Kürdistan Türkiye) ) is a clandestine communist organization in Turkey. It was founded as the Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist Leninist (Bolshevik) in 1981, following a split from the Communist Party of… … Wikipedia
Iraqi Kurdistan — (Kurdish) ههرێمی کوردستان, Herêmî Kurdistan (Arabic) إقليم كردستان العراق … Wikipedia
Nakh peoples — Vainakhs on a wedding 1870 1886 … Wikipedia
Chronology — 401 BCE Kardouchoi harass retreating Greeks, as recorded by Xenophon in his Anabasis. Mid 7th century CE Kurds are Islamicized. 1169 Saladin (most famous Kurd) establishes Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt and Syria. 1187 Saladin defeats Crusaders at the… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Acronyms and Abbreviations — AI Amnesty International AKIN American Kurdish Information Network (USA) AKP Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi or AK Partisi (Justice and Development Party) (Turkey) ARGK Artes i Rizgariye Geli Kurdistan (Kurdistan Peoples Liberation Army) (PKK) AYOD… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds